James Dean and The Actors Studio
WESTWOOD GALLERY NYC is the exclusive worldwide representative for the Estate of Roy Schatt, which includes rare photographs of James Dean, Marilyn Monroe, Arthur Miller, Elia Kazan, Paul Newman, Steve McQueen, and many other historic personalities in the New York acting community.
Curated by James Cavello
WESTWOOD GALLERY NYC is the exclusive worldwide representative of the Estate of photographer Roy Schatt (1909-2002) in collaboration with Ron Cayen Inc. The gallery maintains an inventory of Roy Schatt photographs, both vintage and modern, available for acquisition for private collectors and institutions. A curated selection is available for travel.
In keeping with the gallery program of rediscovering forgotten artists and photographers, Curator James Cavello reviewed the archive of Schatt and organized a premiere New York exhibition of the acclaimed photographer. The exhibition included over 50 vintage and modern prints, some never before seen, others exhibited in the 1950s.
Schatt's legendary photos of James Dean, who was a friend of Schatt as well as his photography student, encompassed the iconic Torn Sweater series, as well as images of Dean in personal moments playing the bongos and pretending to steal candy from a newsstand. The exhibition also included photos by James Dean as he practiced the art of photography using Schatt and actor friends as his subject.
Roy Schatt stated about the actor: "He was a squinty schlump of a person all bent over. Then Dean suddenly got up and this ugly person became a dream, an Adonis who started to dance around the room. It was a transition I couldn't believe. (...) I knew James Dean from February 1954 until he died in September 1955. I knew him as a friend and as a student. He was a disrupter of norms, a bender of rules, a disquieter of calm. Through the following pictures and vignettes, I hope to transmit a glimpse of his most insistent, and perhaps eternal, presence".
The Actors Studio
The exhibition included rare photographs of actors, writers, directors and playwrights associated with The Actors Studio where Roy Schatt was the official photographer. In addition, many other images of personalities active in the New York theatrical community from the 1950s and 60s are on exhibit. The vintage photos include alumni from The Actors Studio such as Elia Kazan, Lee Strasberg, Paul Newman, Marilyn Monroe, Geraldine Page, Tennessee Williams, Steve McQueen, Rod Steiger, Sidney Poitier, Joanne Woodward, Martin Landau, Arthur Miller, Jerry Stiller, Anne Meara, Ben Gazzara, Maureen Stapleton, and many other creative individuals (John Cassavetes, Dorothy Parker, Brendan Behan, Lillian Hellman, William Saroyan, Lorne Greene, Andy Griffith, Bud Schulberg and Marlene Dietrich).
ABOUT THE PHOTOGRAPHER
Roy Schatt was born in New York City in 1909 and pursued a lifelong passion and career in the arts. He studied under N.C. Wyeth, painted murals during the WPA and used his artistic skills in the Army while stationed in India. Post-war, he returned to New York City where he worked in advertising, acting, illustration and photography and landed in the circle of many creative personalities. He was influenced by renowned photographers Erich Salomon, Edward Weston, Cartier-Bresson and Ansel Adams. Roy Schatt’s photographs have been exhibited at the International Center of Photography, NY, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC, Art Institute of Chicago, and included in national and international gallery exhibitions.
1909 Roy Schatt born in New York City
1918 Attended Grand Central High School (studied painting with N.C. Wyeth)
1920s Studied Art Students League, Corcoran School of Art. Worked at Warner Bros Art Department, Washington DC as Art Director
1934 Married Masha Arms (Roy was 25, Masha 26 years old). They bought themselves a miniature German 45 mm camera (Pupille) as a wedding present and later traded it in for a Leica. Roy taught Masha how to photograph and develop film. She later became a female pioneer in photography and teacher. However, she left Roy for her second husband in 1941. Roy won first place in a Leica photography competition
1935-39 Illustrated books, created drawings and photographs
1940s Painted murals under “New Deal’ programs for artists (WPA) developed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt
1942-45 Served in U.S. Army, India (Special Operations), wrote editorial, created posters, developed theatre and music events
1945 Roy moved to NYC, 33rd Street
1946-53 Roy worked for advertising company BBDO as a graphic artist for Lucky Strike Hit Parade. Studied acting and directing. Became a character model for ads by Howard Zieff, who created memorable ad campaigns. Zieff became a Director and Producer, known for the films ‘My Girl’ and ‘Private Benjamin’. Roy’s expressive face was perfect for Zieff’s campaigns and he cast Roy in numerous ads for everyday products. Zieff was known for innovative ad casting and worked with Robert de Niro, Dustin Hoffman and Richard Dreyfuss.
He met José Quintero, Director, Producer and co-founder of Circle in the Square theatre in the WestVillage, which helped define the off-Broadway movement. Quintero was directing Tennessee Williams’, “Summer and Smoke”. Roy photographed the cast and production and brought attention to Geraldine Page and her performance through his images. Roy’s photos were utilized in publications and his work was exhibited in the theatre and he became the house photographer. Roy was invited to view a class at The Actors Studio and met Lee Strasberg. Roy photographed several classes and after viewing his photos, Strasberg named him the Official Photographer for The Actors Studio. Elia Kazan asked Roy to teach him about photography. Royphotographed many significant actors, directors, playwrights, poets and writers at The Actors Studio and became known as ‘the photographer’ in the acting and theatre community. His apartment was a gathering place for actor friends, as well as Roy’s makeshift photo studio and darkroom.
1954 Roy met James Dean through an actress friend and Roy’s first impression of Dean was transformative, “He was a squinty schlump of a person all bent over. Then Dean suddenly got up and this ugly person became a dream, an Adonis who started to dance around the room. It was a transition I couldn't believe." Roy also made an impression on Dean, and James Dean asked Roy to teach him how to photograph. Dean wanted to learn everything about photography, the camera and the process. The photography lessons brought together two very different individuals, Roy was committed to his craft and was not so patient with the youthful antics of Dean. However, they walked the streets of New York looking for photo ops, spent time in Roy’s beloved MOMA, hung out with actor friends Martin Landau, Bill Heller and Bud Schulberg in Roy’s apartment. Although Roy taught Dean the art of developing film, Dean had no patience to watch and wait for film to develop, he was more fascinated with being behind the camera. Many of James Dean’s friends, including Roy, became the subjects for Dean’s photography sessions. When James Dean died it was a confusing time for Roy, he was hounded by James Dean fans for years, who discovered where Roy lived and wanted a glimpse into the world of James Dean.
1955 – 1960’s Roy continued to photograph the acting community, including Lee Strasberg, Elia Kazan, Marilyn Monroe, Steve McQueen, Sidney Poitier, Rod Steiger, Paul Newman, Joanne Woodward, Martin Landau, Arthur Miller, Geraldine Page, Dorothy Parker, Sidney Lumet, Lorne Greene, Anne Meara, Jerry Stiller, Andy Griffith, Bud Schulberg, Ben Gazzara, Maureen Stapleton, William Saroyan, Leonard Bernstein, John Cassavetes, Eli Wallach, Vincent Price, Eva Gabor, Marlene Dietrich, Peter Falk, Susan Strasberg, Ben Gazzara, Lillian Hellman, Hal Holbrook, David Ross, Ricardo Montalban and many more talented individuals.
1957 Jazz and other musicians, Roy photographed Mahalia Jackson, Duke Ellington, Dizzy Gillespie, Billie Holiday, Louis Armstrong, Chet Baker, Eartha Kitt, Dinah Washington, Big Joe Turner, Coleman Hawkins, Dave Brubeck and other talented singers and musicians.
1960s Roy married Elaine Vorgetts, who encourages Roy to pursue his photography career
Roy photographed special guests on the long running popular radio program, ‘Long John Nebel’, who received his name due to his height and slender build. Jackie Gleason wrote in his introduction to a biography of Nebel: "Why is Nebel so strangely entertaining?... because the best entertainment is entertainment that opens your mind and tells you the world is bigger than you thought it was."
1963 Photographed JFK’s funeral
1964 Photographed Malcolm X
1964– 1990s Roy photographed many aspiring actors and provided special photographs through his ‘method’ approach, looking for unguarded moments using available light.
1982 Published his book James Dean: A Portrait, which is Roy Schatt’s account of his time with Dean and most of his legendary photographs of James Dean.
1984 Art Institute of Chicago acquired a Roy Schatt photo for their collection, a 1955 image of Marilyn Monroe without makeup, wearing a hat
1990 Limited editions prints were created by Roy, of selected images of his James Dean photos Roy sued a licensing company for copyright infringement for taking his photos from his James Dean book and reproducing them on merchandise. Thereafter the licensing company made an agreement to purchase Roy’s copyright to all his James Dean images, which Roy sold in 1991.
2002 Roy passed away May 4, 2002, at the age of 92 He was survived by his wife, Elaine, nephews and extended family.
2004 New York Public Library acquired the "Circle in the Square" archives, which include many photographs by Roy Schatt, images of Arthur Miller, José Quintero and Tennessee Williams.
2006 Exhibitions of Roy’s limited edition prints of James Dean and other photos are presented in Munich, Paris, Atlanta, Los Angeles and Miami.
2009 Syracuse University organizes the Long John Nebel radio archives, gifted by John Nebel, which includes historic photos from the radio program by Roy Schatt.
2014 The Smithsonian exhibition at The National Portrait Gallery in Washington DC, entitled, “American Cool”, selected and highlighted Roy’s photo of James Dean sitting in the round window of Dean’s West 68th Streetapartment.
2015 WESTWOOD GALLERY NYC becomes the exclusive representative for the Estate of Roy Schatt and views a large portion of Schatt’s archive. Many negatives still remain from the 1950s - 90s era of Roy Schatt’s photos, some never developed.
WESTWOOD GALLERY NYC premieres the exhibition of Roy Schatt’s photographs of James Dean and The Actors Studio, many never before seen in a first time comprehensive exhibition for Schatt.